Over unity, Electricity and Magnets
The invention of electricity was a pivotal moment in the history of mankind. Harnessing and controlling the energy contained in electrons has made it possible to build the wide array of devices that make modern civilization possible.
Magnetism plays a central role in conducting and directing electrical currents. Over unity involves processes that use magnets to enhance a device’s capacity to generate energy and produce work.
Electricity & Magnetism
The structure of an atom relies on the magnetic forces created by its components, electrons, protons and neutrons. Directing the flow of electrons is what makes it possible to send electricity through power lines, electrical cords and any other device that’s powered by electricity. By combining the energy contained in electrons with the natural properties of magnets, electricity can produce kinetic motion that moves and powers circuits and machinery.
Much like the positive and negative charges that keep electrons inside an atom’s orbit, electrical circuits use negative and positive poles to create and direct electrical currents. As electricity moves through a circuit, the energy inside the circuit can be used to power loads, such as light bulbs and appliances. In general, an electrical circuit includes three basic components:
- An electrical source, such as a battery
- A positive and negative pole on the source
- A wire
The wire component connects to the negative pole on the source and winds around back to the positive pole on the source. The load sits in the middle of the wire’s path. In effect the wire provides a path for electricity to travel around the circuit. The negative charge found in electrons is naturally drawn to the positive pole, so the electrons follow the wire to the positive pole. As wires consist of metal, the magnetic properties of the metal attract and help direct the electrons along the circuit.
Motors & Generators
The electricity used to power motors and generators relies on the use of a special magnet material known as an electromagnet. Electromagnets consist of an iron bar with a coil of insulated wire wrapped around it. By combining the magnetic properties of iron with the enhanced electrical currents running through coiled wire, even more electricity can be harnessed and directed. The stronger the magnetic field is the stronger the current. These principles determine how hard a motor can work in terms of kinetic motion or output.
Generators also use electromagnets but in a different way. Generators use an external kinetic energy, such as wind, water or steam to move magnets around a wire. Rotating magnets around a wire conducts electrical currents through the wire. In effect, a steady flow of electrons moves through the wire as magnets pass over it on a continual basis.
Over unity Generators
Over unity generators are a special type of generator that attempts to enhance the capabilities of basic generator designs. Operating off of the same principles of magnetism and electrical currents, over unity generators use a series of carefully placed magnets along the wire conductor. A spinning disc situated alongside the wire is also used to enhance the current. A series of magnets are placed alongside the wire and also along the perimeter of the disc. This arrangement is said to create alternating forces of attraction and repulsion, which causes the disc to spin. As the disc spins, it creates a magnetic force that moves electricity through the wire.
The design of an over unity generator is said to create a condition where perpetual motion –also known as perpetuum mobile- is possible. In effect, a device capable of perpetual motion can expend less energy than it uses, which gives it an efficiency level that exceeds 100 percent. And while an over unity theory seems plausible, a device that exceeds 100 percent energy efficiency violates fundamental laws of thermodynamics and energy. As a result, over unity generators have received mixed reviews within the scientific community.
Over unity Inventions
The Simple Magnetic Ove unity Toy –invented in 1985 by Greg Watson- is one of many inventions that incorporate over unity theory into a mechanical design. The basic design of the toy consists of a steel ball that runs along a track that leads to an incline ramp. Two long bar magnets run alongside the inclined portion of the track. The width of the bar magnets is widest at the bottom of the incline and closest together at the top. This variation in width is what moves move the steel ball up the incline. Once the ball reaches the top of the ramp, it drops down another track.
The over unity aspect of the toy appears once the ball reaches the top of the incline and drops down. The energy expended in the drop is said to be “free energy” created by the magnetic bars along the incline ramp. As a result, the cycle can continue to repeat itself (perpetual motion) until an outside force interrupts it.
With the ongoing global energy crisis, many inventions involve new generator designs based on over unity or perpetual motion principles. These devices are said to produce free energy without the use of raw fuel materials, such as gas and oil. And while these inventions may go against the laws of thermodynamics, the ongoing need for more efficient energy sources will make further explorations into perpetual motion devices a necessary task.